Allahabad Fort : PrayagRaaj

Allahabad Fort was built by Emperor Akbar due to military compulsions. After Akbar, the fort was under several rulers. During British rule, General Kid was its commandant. The British changed it to a modern fortress by 1938. Many rulers, especially English, caused irreparable damage due to its architecture. After independence, the heritage of military occupation continued. It represented splendor during Akbar's rule. It also saw the tyranny of Raj. In-Depth Report by Arindam as part of the special feature of different truths on World Heritage Day.


Here are two things of utmost importance. First of all, though Indian historians, which included many legions of Allahabad, said that the biggest fort built by Samrat Akbar in Sangam City is actually a heritage site, it is not in UNESCO's list. this is very sad. Various truths desire that Allahabad Fort be recognized as a World Heritage Site. Secondly, the army vacated the fort of Agra in Lal Qila and Agra in Delhi, but it did not take hold of Allahabad Fort. We should run the campaign to get ~ editor.

It was in the scorching heat of June 15, 967, that a war-wrecked emperor marched till Allah, after crushing the rebellion. They rested for two days. They felt the city's strategic importance and decided to build a fort here. He was the great Mughal emperor, Akbar.


By 1580 there were upheaval, rebellion and rebellion. Battles fought In those troubled times, known as Akbar's Fort, which is known as Allahabad Fort, in 1575, the Muslim recorder was kept according to Badoni. It was also the year when the foundation of the city was laid. It was called illusion. However, Nizam-i-Din Ahmad, author of Tabakut-e-Akbari, wrote it in his book, after nine years, in 1584. The King had ordered that a fort and a city be built in Prayag by the name of Allahabad. From there Akbar went to Agra, where he spent four months.

Still another story in practice tells that Akbar spent some time in Illah to Bengal to crush the revolt of 1580. Many kings gave tributes and great gifts to the emperor. The King of Jhussi (Raja) was also invited. But, there was a decrease in their income. He called his minister, the famous Birbal and said that Akbar should be told that the king was ill. The funny minister heard the king's story and asked him to forget his concern. He saw the emperor and saw that he had behaved like a Hindu. Birbal came to know that Akbar's Hindu wife Jodha Bai (Man Singh's sister) had tremendous influence on him.


The next day, Birbal got silver strap and hammer on silver plates, some ganga sand. They also get some Ganga water, flowers and basil leaves. Raja met Akbar with Birbal. After the king's departure, the gifts were opened, in the presence of Birbal. Akbar was angry. Birbal has come under a damage control practice. He explained that his king wanted Akbar to build a memorial at the holy place. Symbolic tools were included in the gift to keep the foundation and 'worship' (worship). Akbar was pleased with Birbal's explanation.


Next morning, Akbar ordered that various gifts which were given to him by various kings, be handed over to the king of Jhusi, so that he could construct the fort and he could construct the fort. More money was sent from Delhi. The fort was built by the king under Birbal's supervision.


In Prayag, located on Yamuna, later in Allahabad, there was a need to connect Hindu Rituals with Tusli and Ganga Jal of monument built by a Muslim monarch, which was a spectacular start of Secular India.


It was Birbal's foresight that he changed the course of Ganga, by constructing a Triveni dam, to save the fort and to ensure that the king's residence is not very close to the emperor's fort. Later, Akbar ordered Birbal to be brought to Delhi with him.


Allahabad Fort was built on the need for a military foundation, since its foundation was laid. After Akbar, the fort was under several rulers. During British rule, General Kid was its commandant. The name of the area was named Kedgunj after his name. The British changed it to a modern fortress by 1938. Many rulers, especially English, caused irreparable damage due to its architecture. After independence, the heritage of military occupation continued.


Jodha Bai's palace and other structures


In Allahabad, the fort of Emperor Akbar, known as Allahabad Fort, was a residential-cum-military fort. The fort's plan took the form of a wedge (an irregular section of a circle, with a very wide dimension). It was 37 yerb (60 yards long chain) in length and 27 zarih in width, which is approximately 35.96 million square yards. Dr. Prabhakar Pandey, Allahabad Museum Curator Dr. According to Prabhakar Pandey, at that time its cost was 6,17,20,214 rupees (Rs. 6 crore, seventeen lakh, twenty thousand, two hundred and fourteen).


Art historian and assistant secretary of the Allahabad Museum, Shriranjan Shukla said that about 20 thousand people were engaged in 45 years to build this fort. It was prepared in four parts. In the first part, buildings were built for personal use, the second part of the building was for Begums (queens) and princes, the third part was reserved for the royal guests and the fourth was for soldiers and subjects.


Basically, this framework had an irregular triangle, surrounded by a red sandstone wall. It had three wonderful doors. One opens in front of the Ganges, in the east, the second door opens in the south, towards the Yamuna, while the third door that opens on the ground was protected by a deep fringe and less external work similar to that of Agra Fort. The decline of the years stole its grandeur. Otherwise, it may be affected by the grandeur of the forts in Agra and Delhi.


The British dropped their towers and the high stone ramparts on the edge were at the top with a blurred turf parapet from a green slope glacier. The southern door that opened towards the Yamuna was closed and the upper floor of the main entrance was pulled down, leaving the shell of a bare concrete out of the main dome, whose interior was its original form of carved stone The marks of beauty are present. And are sadly wearing murals.


The famous Patalpuri temple and holy AkshayaYit were standing on the site before the Allahabad Fort. These religious places are now inside the fort, in the outer courtyard, towards Yamuna in the south. Tradition says that devotees put themselves in the Yamuna for Nirvana (salvation) from renewable life.

Shukla said that the queen of Akbar, inside the fort, Jodha Bai's palace is also an interesting structure.


He said that Ashoka Pillar, which was erected in Kaushambi, was later removed and was decided by the King Jehangir at his present site. There are six Ashoka inscriptions in the Brahmi script, which have been given to Raja Samudragupta in his famous Brahmi script by his poet-minister Harisena. Apart from these, the Persian inscriptions of Jahangir contain two people's entry on the throne, two modest inscriptions and many later inscriptions.


Treaty of Allahabad: A weak emperor changed history


In 1765, after signing the Treaty of Allahabad between Mogul Emperor Shah Alam and Governor General Robert Clive, East India Company (hereafter, the company) entered Allahabad Fort.


Shah Alam was a weak emperor. By the middle of the 18th century the Jats had started attacking Delhi. He established his domination in Agra and around him. Maratha, who had established his domination in the Deccan, brought Shah Alam to the fort of Allahabad and kept him in his custody. In fact, after the Battle of Plassey, in 1757, British interference had increased, Professor Sushil Shrivastav said, who teach modern history at Allahabad University.


In 1764, Buxar's war took place, when the Nawab of Azad along with the army of Emperor Sujoudoula, who was with the army of the imperial army, joined the army of Mir Qasim. The company's army followed them away from Cara. In the fort of Chunar, the British had put their halter on. This helped them to strengthen their position. Clive was not in India, when fought and won. Therefore, the Westlest was busy drafting an agreement with Shah Alam, an English official, in which he wanted to wipe out the emperor, Sujadullah completely. Meanwhile, Clive returned to India and according to Professor Shrivastav, exchanges of exchanges between him and Mogul emperor.


He said that on the same day, according to the arrangements made by Clive, the Allahabad Treaty was signed. It was decided that the revenue of Allahabad, Kara and Manikpur (which was very fertile in the latter two areas) was to be given to the emperor and compensation of Rs 30 lakh was imposed on Sujuddaula. According to this treaty, the emperor was to be protected by the company's armies. A check post was kept in the fort of Allahabad. In return, the company acquired the Civil (Revenue Aggregation Authority) of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.


By 1772, Shah Alam had decided to return to Delhi, under the protection of the Marathas. He had become a puppet of their hands. Thus, Allahabad, Kara and Manikpur were fully influenced by the company. By 1801, the Nawab of Awadh failed to pay heavy compensation imposed on him. Thus, the company captured Eastern UP, Gorakhpur and beyond. The tyranny and cruelty of the British were such that they were able to control the whole area of ‚Äč‚ÄčAllahabad, they explained.


It was time for pill and loot. The company's managers were very corrupt. But, until 1772, most of the corruption was rooted. Only a few select ones were corrupt. The company had a question about how to make money. The business answer was Benners (Varanasi) started the trade of silk. By 1800, opium was taken from eastern UP. Thus, in his control with Allahabad Fort and in his three states, the company was controlling the entire Eastern UP (together, Bihar, Bengal and Orissa).


When the company tried to dominate the trade route, Allahabad once again emerged as an important center.


The businessmen of the company lived in the same place where we now have Jamuna Christian College. On the Saraswati Ghat, the buoys are found near the Mankameshwar temple. Large boats (or small ships) were lowered and lowered. They said that on the banks of river Ganga, near Shiv Kuti, there were depots, which were made for storage of ammunition or cargo.


Company torture:


When on 9 August 1765, with the knighthood of King Shah Alam, with the Robert Clive signing the Allahabad Treaty, he wrote the death sentence of the Mughal empire. Except for the revenue collection rights of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, he remained an emperor for the name, according to an underground publication of a hollow ruler, without powers, PanditSunderlal, a restricted book in the British era, India of Angrezi Raj according. , Now with a personal collector (name stopping on request).


Revenue Aggregation Rights gave rise to corruption in the midst of the East India Company's servants. Their torture was also incredible. Sample a few English footnotes from the book under the reference.


Within just one month of signing the Treaty of Allahabad, things had become such that Clive wrote to the directors on September 30, 1765, "Sources of atrocities and oppression, which have been opened, Under the European agents working under, and countless black agents and sub-agents also work under them, I am afraid, there will be a permanent disdain for the English name in this country .... Ambition, success, and luxury, I have found, introduced a new system of politics, on the serious expenditure of English honor, trust of the company and even general justice and humanity.


The period of Warren Hastings was probably the worst. His only aim was to make money by hook or crook. On July 28, 1788 an English official Collebruck wrote to his father in a private letter: "It was Mr. Hastings who filled the country with collectors and judges who had adopted a search - a fate. These harps were not allowed to loose in the country soon, because they looted the residents or without any pretension .... Judges were given justice to the highest bidder, and thieves paid regular revenue ...


"Neither the infamous violation of their crooked policies and belief influenced princes and great men; The statement of the landowners, the spoils of Begums, the destruction of the Rohilis can be forgotten, but the brutal act done in Gorakhpur will always be cited for the insults of the British name.


"The system, which has been ruled by British domination in the past, has influenced the happiness of people ... not to mention the monopoly of salt and opium, or the principles on which the company's investment has been provided, I can limit that they can generate the rent of land for the maximum amount. Owner of a property under the Mogul government rarely owes half of his property Did not, and in very few properties; They were allowed to take credit for a certain amount through further pension, or in lieu of the land of the rent was occupied. Under the company, to a landlord Ten percent of the net yield is allowed as your share ...


"People have been treated like this, so that Yok will be remembered as the heaviest, who ever throws in the neck of the conquering nations".