Sarnath Museum : Varanasi
One of the oldest, major and most important museums of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the Sarnath Archeology Museum. It is located at Sarnath, 13 kms from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.
The Sarnath Archeological Museum of ASI is situated across the road of excavation site. It was planned in 1904 to protect the ancient objects recovered from the excavation site by the government. Sir John Marshall, who was then Director General of Archeology in India, initiated this process and prepared the layout and plan by Mr. Ramesh Ramson, who was then the counselor of the Government of India.
The museum building got its size in 1910; It not only acts as a home for valuable excavation materials and antiques, but also holds great importance in research and study. Half of the building creates a monastery (battle) in the plan. In total, space has been divided into five galleries and two recovered. Antiquities displayed in the museum are told from 3rd century BC to 12th Century AD.
The names of galleries are named according to their content. The gallery on the north side has been given the Tathagat and while the next line is triratna. Shakya Singh Gallery has been referred to the main hall and the name of the person facing it south is trinity. The Ashutosh Gallery is in the extreme south and the name of the northern verandah is Vastuamandan and the southern name is Shilparna.
The main hall serves as the entrance to the museum. The most expensive collection of museum has been displayed in Shakyasinh Gallery. The national symbol of India and the lion's capital of the Ashoka pillar is long in the center of this gallery. Many images of Buddha and Tara are also on display in various currencies. Antique antiques displayed include red sandstone (dedicated by monk bala), octagonal shaft, umbrella etc., engraved with colorful pictures of Bodhisattva.
Images of Buddhist deities and some related objects are displayed in the Triratna gallery. Tara, Kumdadevi inscriptions in the gallery, Bodhisattva Padmapani, a standing idol of Siddhakwira, is a form of Manjushree, Shunga Railing, which shows the Astamahastra (eight great places) related to the life of Buddha, Vasundhara, Vasundhara with Jambla The illustration also displays. The portraits of Shravasti and Ramgram Stupas are being preserved by the Nagas, which are of great importance.
Various sentiments of Buddha are displayed in the Tathagat gallery. Maitreya on display, preaches Buddha with one of the most notable sculptures of art, enemy culture, Vajrasattva, and Nilkantha Lokeshwara with a cup of poison and Bodhisattva Padmapani.
Figures of Mahisasur Mardini and some secular objects such as birds, animals, male and female heads, along with some plaster figures, the image of Trinity (Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh), Sun, Saraswati, Mahishasur Mardini and Pot Belvedi appear in the Yaksha Trimurtha Are there. Gallery.
In Ashutosh Gallery, a huge darkening (demon slaughter of demon ghost) has been shown by various forms like Agni, Parvati, Vishnu, Ganesh and Kartikeya, such as Shiva, Nav Bhagora, Bhairav, Brahmin Gods.
The museum's two verandas mostly display architectural members. There is also an excellent example of art as a large lintel showing the story of Shantivadina Jatak.