Mangal Pandey : Ballia

Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who played an important role in the events before the 1857 uprising, known by various names, such as' Indian Rebellion of 1857 ',' Sepoy Mutiny '' and 'India's Freedom Struggle' The rebellion of 1857 became synonymous A fanatic Brahmin with faith, Pandey served the British East India Company as a soldier (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment. After the rumors of the use of cow and pig fat as a lubricant in cartridges, he refused to cut the edge of a newly launched enfield rifle with the edge of the increased cartridge. Later, the notorious person incited his associates to revolt against the British officers and attacked them, when he was prevented from shooting himself, but was vigorously arrested, and was court-martial. They are considered heroes in India. The Government of India issued a postage stamp in his honor in 1984. His life has been portrayed in many film and television productions.

early life

Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in the Nagwa village of Upper Ballia district in British India, in pine and conquered provinces (currently Uttar Pradesh). He belonged to a high caste Brahman family, who was from a family with strong Hindu beliefs. In 1849, he joined the Bengal army. It was the army of one of the 3 presidencies of British India, Bengal Presidency. According to some sources, Pandey was inducted by a brigade who marched with him. He became a private soldier in the 5th company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) Regiment of the British East India Company in March 1857. There were many Brahmins involved in this regiment.

Mangal Pandey and 1857 revolt

The British started a new Enfield rifle in the mid-1850s, and its intelligence cartridges were cut into their arms and cut into their arms. Rumors started that the lube used in the cartridge was either a cow or a pig child. While cows are deeply honored by the Hindus, Muslims are forbidden to eat pork, thus feeling of resentment among the Indian soldiers started to grow. Pandey was posted on the post in Barrackpore during that time. After knowing about this matter, the fanatic Hindu Brahmin, Pandey, too, got agitated by faith and resolved to show its rejection to the British.

It is generally believed that Pandey tried to instigate other soldiers of his regiment to revolt against the British officers and planned to rebel against British rule. On March 29, 1857, the lieutenant Bau, the adjutant of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry posted in Barrackpur, found out that some soldiers of their regiment were in a state of excitement and one of the loaded mosquitoes, Mangal Pandey, was provoking his partner. To the military revolt. Pandey threatened that he would shoot the first European. According to the testimony given in the interrogation, Aggar Pandey seized arms and fled to the Quarter-Guard building, after knowing that a British soldier's troop has arrived on the steamer and is reaching the camp. .

The Sergeant-Major Husson reached the Parade Ground and ordered the Indian officer to command Pandher to arrest the quarters-guard, Joddar Ishwari Prasad. Prasad however said that he could not catch Pandey alone because his NCO went for help. In the meantime, Lieutenant Baugh armed himself and went on the line on his horse to learn about the rebellion. Seeing him coming, Pandey took the position behind the station gun in front of the 34th Quarter-guards and fired on Baau. The bullet hit the horse's horse and dropped it on the ground. Baau then fired on Pandey but he missed it and when he was about to pull his sword, Veer Pandey injured him with a heavy Indian sword. Another soldier, Sheikh Paltu, tried to stop Pandey from harming the assistant. After this, Husson confronted Pandey, but collided with the latter Muscat and fell to the ground. Hearing the gun's voice, the other soldiers of the barracks got stabbed, but both the Britishers refused to go against Pandey to help Palutu to defend. Some soldiers threatened to shoot stones at throwing stones and shoes and not to release Pandey. The Paltu was somehow going on Pandey till the two Britishers got up and could not run.

A report of the incident reached the Commanding Officer General Harse, who, along with his two officer sons, moved towards the scene and took control of the situation. The General took out his gun and ordered the soldier to do his duty and warned the person who violated his orders to shoot him. The soldiers now obeyed their orders and Pandey thought that he would be arrested, Bahadur Sanyani tried to take his life by putting the snout of the dead with his chest and shot himself while dragging the trigger with his toe, Which, however, did not prove to be fatal.

Consequences of rebellion

After his recovery, Pandey was martyred on April 6, 1857. He was asked if he was under the influence of a substance. On this he replied that he revolted on his own and there was no one to help him influence. He was given the death penalty. After the testimony of three Sikh members of Quarter-guards, tried to give death sentence to Jamadar Ishwari Prasad and he said that Prasad had ordered Pandey not to be arrested. Although the execution of Pandey was fixed on 18 April 1857, the British authorities hanged him on April 8, 1857, due to fear of a major uprising. Prasad was also hanged on 21 April.

An investigation by the British government was held at 34th B.N.I. Regiment It was concluded that the regiment failed to fulfill its duty in restricting a rebel soldier. While the petitions for generosity were started, on May 6, 1857, a compound was imposed on the regiment by concluding "with insults". Meanwhile, one day after Pandey's hanging, Sheikh Paltu was promoted to Hav (Original Sergeant) and it was recommended. For a decoration by General Harse. A few days before the disintegration of 34th BNI. The regiment, Paltu, was taken to a different area in Barrackpore Cantonment and murdered by several of his former colleagues.

Mangal Pandey's revolt against the British is widely considered to be angered by the fact that the Indian revolt of 1857 began in India as a major uprising. It is also known as 'India's freedom struggle', 'Indian Rebellion,'. The Great Revolt, 'Sepoy Mutiny' and 'Indian Rebellion', revolted against the British East India Company rule between 1857 and 1858, which ruled as a universal authority on behalf of the British Crown.

Within a short time Pandey's bravery became widespread and it is generally believed that it became such a triggering factor that led to rebellion for several months. Pandey's actions inspired many other brave sons of the motherland who later emerged as the iconic figure in the Indian Nationalist Movement. In such freedom fighters, India's pro-independence activist, politician, lawyer, writer, poet and playwright V. D. Savarkar, who considered Pandey's intention as an early demonstration of raising Indian nationalism.

Although contemporary British ideas condemned him as a traitor and oppressor, modern Indian nationalists portrayed him as Mastermind, who revolted against the British, while modern India remembers them as a heroic person and One of the goals of the freedom movement is one.


On October 5, 1984, a postage stamp was issued by the Indian government in his honor with his image. To remember that place, a park was built in Barrackpore, where the courageous person revolted against the British officers and attacked them. Its name was Shaheed Mangal Pandey Maha Yadanan. Sainautief of Veer Sainik was also built at Barrackpore Cantonment on Surendranath Bannerjee Marg in West Bengal.

Mangal Pandey in Popular Culture

Many films and television productions have been made on the life of Mangal Pandey. A biographical drama film, 'Alangal Pandey', based on Pandey's life, 'Rising' was released on August 12, 2005. Directed by Ketan Mehta, in the critically acclaimed and commercially acclaimed film, actor Amir Khan plays the role of Mangal Pandey.

Pandey's life was also portrayed in the drama The Roti Rebellion. "It was written and directed by Supriya Karunakaran, which was produced in 'The Moving Theater' in Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad, Andhra Saraswat Council in June 2005.