Atal Bihari Vajpayee : Gwalior
Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Bihari also gave birth to Bihari (born December 25, 1924, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India - 16 August, 2018, New Delhi, Delhi), the leader of the Hindu Janata Party (BJP) and was twice dominant Minister of India (1996; 1998-2004)
Vajpayee was first elected to Parliament in 1957 as a member of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), which was a forerunner of the BJP. In 1977, BJJ joined three other parties to form the Janata Party, which led a government which lasted till July 1979. As External Affairs Minister in the Janata government, Vajpayee has earned fame for improving relations with Pakistan and China. In 1980, after the split in Janata Party, Vajpayee helped reorganize BJS as BJP. In 1992, he was one of the few Hindu leaders who spoke against anti-Muslim extremists against the destruction of the historic mosque in Ayodhya.
In May 1996, Vajpayee was sworn in as Prime Minister, but after failing to draw support from other parties, he was in office only for 13 days. In the beginning of 1998, he again became the Prime Minister, in which the BJP won seats in the record number, but he had to compel the regional parties to form an unstable coalition. In 1999, the BJP increased its seats in Parliament and strengthened its grip on the government.
Although considered to be a viable person, Vajpayee took a faulty posture in protest of Western criticism of India's many nuclear weapons tests in 1998. He was first praised for his humiliating gestures towards India's Muslim minority. In 2000, his government started a comprehensive program of public funding from several major industries in the state. In 2002, Vajpayee's government was criticized for its slowdown in response to the riots in Gujarat, in which about 1,000 people (mainly Muslims) were killed. Nevertheless, in 2003, Vajpayee made a concerted effort to resolve India's long-running dispute with Pakistan on the Kashmir region. Under his leadership, India achieved steady economic growth, and the country became a world leader in information technology, although the poorest elements of Indian society often felt out of economic prosperity. In 2004, his coalition lost parliamentary elections and he resigned from the post.
At the end of 2005, Vajpayee announced his retirement from politics. At the end of December 2014, he was honored with Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honor.
Take a look at the eight remarkable steps taken by Atal Bihari Vajpayee during his tenure:
1. Increasing India's GDP
He started the economic reforms and took India to new heights. During his tenure from 1998 to 2004, India maintained GDP at 8%, the level of inflation came down to four percent and the foreign currency reserves were flourishing.
Although India faced horrific events during its tenure, in which earthquake (2001), two cyclones (1999 and 2000), a terrible drought (2002-2003), oil crisis (2003), Kargil conflict (1999), and Parliament Attack on, yet they maintained a stable economy
2. Introduction to the Fiscal Responsibility Act
In addition to raising the GDP of India to 8% in his tenure, he also introduced the Fiscal Responsibility Act, which was aimed at reducing fiscal deficit and promoting public sector savings.
Privatization was also appreciated among several milestones in its brief time of governance
Giving birth to private business in India, it reduced government participation in the industry.
In addition, he formed a separate disinvestment ministry. The most important disinvestment was the Bharat Aluminum Company (BALCO) and Hindustan Zinc, Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited and VSNL.
4. The rise of Indian telecom industry
His government introduced a revenue-sharing model under the New Telecom Policy, which helped overcome telecom companies with a fixed license fee.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited was created separately for services and policies
In order to pursue the telecommunications sector, he created Telecommunication Dispute Settlement Appellate Tribunal
End of international telephone service Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd
5. Education Policy
This was the first time in India that elementary education was free for children aged 6-14.
It was launched in 2001 and has seen a huge increase of dropouts in the number of 60%
6. Strengthened the Global Relations
Under his rule, India improved its trade and reduced regional disputes with the People's Republic of China.
In 2000, he invited former US President Bill Clinton while improving bilateral relations after the Cold War.
He invited India's then President Pervez Musharraf for a two-day Agra Summit from July 14-16, 2001 to discuss border cross-border terrorism and Kashmir.
Apart from this, Vajpayee, with the inauguration of the historic Delhi-Lahore bus, signed a road link between India and Pakistan in February 1999.
7. Science and research
Vajpayee passes Chandrayaan-1 project
On the 56th Independence Day of India, he said, "Our country is now ready to fly higher in the field of science. I am happy to announce that India will send its spacecraft to the Moon by 2008. Its name is Chandran being kept."
He made India a nuclear weapon state. In 1998, India conducted five nuclear tests a week
"We now have the capacity of a big bomb. We will never have the weapon of aggression," he said.