Madan Mohan Malaviya : Varanasi
Madan Mohan Malviya was born on December 25, 1861 in an educated Orthodox Hindu family, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was a freedom fighter, an educationist and a social reformer, who had a vision of a free and self-reliant India. In addition to assuming the post of President of the Indian National Congress, he represented India in 1931 with Mahatma Gandhi at the first Round Table Conference. He was also a social reformer, founder of the prestigious Banaras Hindu University (BHU) in Varanasi, and he believed that in egalitarianism, This philanthropist, also known as 'Mahamana', died in 1946. On December 24, 2014, he was awarded posthumously Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award.
early life :
Malviya was born on December 25, 1861, in Allahabad, Pandit Brij Nath and Moon Devi. His father was well-versed in Sanskrit scriptures and used to tell Bhagwat stories on religious occasions. He received his initial education at the Harmadev Dharma Dnyan Paddha School and in 1879 he matriculated from Muir Central College, which was now renamed as Allahabad University. He did his LL.B. Examination in 1891.
Malaviya was married to Kununda Devi in 1878. Being a freedom fighter, he realized the need for a newspaper to educate the people of India and started Hindi Weekly Abroad in 1907, and made it in addition to a daily in 1915. In 1909, started a Hindi monthly, limited and English daily leader.
This educationist established the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) or Kashi University in 1915. He was also the founder and editor of two national weekends: Hindustan (Hindi) and Indian Union (English). He served as President of The Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946. He was a nationalist for the core and he believed that freedom from foreign rule can only be achieved through the right kind of education.
political career :
In December 1886, he participated in another Inquisition session in Kolkata. The session was presided by Dadabhai Naoroji.
Served as president of Congress in 1909, 1918, 1930 and 1932 A moderate leader, he opposed the separate electorate for Muslims under the Lucknow Pact of 1916.
He was a member of the Imperial Legislative Council from 1912 to 1926. He fought 177 freedom fighters for the death penalty cases in the Chauri Chaura case and succeeded in the release of 156 persons.
In 1928, he was at the forefront of the protest against the Simon Commission. He played an important role in the non-cooperation movement, opposed the British politics of appeasement and the participation of the Congress in the Khilafat movement. He was a representative in the first Round Table Conference held in 1930. On April 25, 1932, he was jailed for participating in the Civil Disobedience Movement.
professional career :
Malaviya started the English Daily Leader in 1909, and chaired it as an editor from 1909 to 1911. He also started the Hindi newspaper Limit in 1910.
Malaviya has its own LL.B. Allahabad Law College and Allahabad District Court and after that started practicing in the High Court. They stopped their legal practice in 1913 to serve the nation.
In 1924, he met political leaders Lala Lajpat Rai, M. R. With the help of Jayakar and businessman GD Birla, the English daily The Hindustan Times has been acquired. As the President of The Hindustan Times (1924 to 1946), he successfully launched the Hindi version of the paper in 1936.
social work :
Attempts to resolve caste and social barriers
On the day of Rath Yatra, organized a group of 200 Dalits to demand the entry of the Kalaram temple.
Scouting was started for the original Indians through service Bharti organization in 2013.
He is credited with popularizing the slogan of Satyamev Jayate, that is, the truth will win.
Established Banaras Hindu University.
In his honor, in 1961 a postage stamp was printed.
Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT), Jaipur has been named after him.
Here are 5 unknown facts about Malaviya:
1. Malaviya is credited with popularizing the word 'Satyamev Jayate' (truth alone Vijay) - India's national motto. They did not coin the word. It is a mantra of Upanishads written thousands of years ago. These days, as we all know, the term is synonymous with the TV show.
2. Malaviya really worked hard to make BHU reality. It is said that after Nizam refused to give money to establish the university, he auctioned his sandal in a market. After all, it was the same Nizam who made a quote of sandal and bought it on a large scale.
3. Although today's BJP leaders see him as an inspiration, Malaviya, like Vallabhbhai Patel, is an icon of the Indian National Congress. He was the president of the party four times - in 1909, 1918, 1932 and 1933.
4. Malaviya is often described as Hindu nationalist, but he always strives for Hindu-Muslim unity. He gave two famous speeches on communal harmony - one in Lahore in 1922 and the other in Kanpur in 1931. In 1933, another part of his presidential speech in the Calcutta session of INC.
"I have implicated all Hindus and Muslims, Sikhs, Christians and Parsis and all other nationals to eliminate all communal differences and establish political unity among all sections of people, between a very dark, I have a clear vision It is seen that the cloud is on our head for a long time, for every child and daughter to accelerate the arrival of freedom and happiness. Imagine duty play. The truth is on our side. Justice is with us. God will help us. We are sure to win. Vande Mataram. "
5. Malviya, who practiced as an advocate in Allahabad High Court, defended most of the accused in Chauri Chaura riots in Gorakhpur in UP in 1922 and said that he has saved 153 accused from getting death sentence. Mahatma Gandhi suspended his civil disobedience to the riots.